H I C A G O
R I B U T E
Women of Hull-House
of social work
Right, from top:
Alice Hamilton (18691970)
Florence Kelley (18591932)
Julia C. Lathrop (18581932)
first and the nations most influential settlement house, was founded
in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr. By 1907 there were 13 buildings
covering a city block at 800 South Halsted Street and the settlement had
become a center for neighborhood services, activities and social reform,
both in Chicago and nationally. In the early years the leadership, staffing,
funding and support for Hull-House came primarily from women, many of whom
made their homes at the settlement.
Addams was head resident
until her death. She became internationally known as a settlement movement
leader, reformer, writer and peace advocate. She was awarded the Nobel Peace
Prize in 1931.
Starr lived at Hull-House
until 1929. Here she led art education programs and was an activist in the
Chicago labor movement.
Julia C. Lathrop moved
to Hull-House in 1890, where she investigated and advocated reform of social
and governmental agencies and helped to establish the worlds first
juvenile court in Chicago.
Florence Kelley investigated
neighborhood living and working conditions, became the first chief factory
inspector in Illinois, advocated protective legislation for women and children,
and lived at Hull-House from 1891 to 1899, when she became secretary of
the National Consumers League in New York City.
Alice Hamilton was a
physician, a pioneer in industrial toxicology. She moved to Hull-House in
1897, where she began her career investigating neighborhood living, working
and sanitary conditions.
Images courtesy of:
Jane Addams Memorial Collection
Special Collections Department
University of Illinois at Chicago